Eating is a significant aspect of how we live our healthiest, happiest life, but it often causes harm when we overdo it. Whether you’re at home or dining out with your friends, countless delicious food options with the wide availability of tasty snacks make it much easier to overeat. Some experts say that it takes almost 20-25 minutes for the brain to inform the stomach that you’re full, and overeating happens when we continue devouring further to the point of fullness.
While eating too much occasionally doesn’t pose any danger, overeating frequently can lead to serious health concerns. From disturbing your sleeping pattern to affecting your weight and organ, it can lead to short and long-term impacts. It’s also important to note that carrying extra weight on your body increases the risk of cancer.
Here are some harmful effects of overeating that you should know before you overeat next time.
Appetite regulation is a complex system that maintains the energy balance, concerning the interaction of satiety signals and hunger, produced in the peripheral organs. The amount of food we eat is controlled by hunger and satiety signals, and these signals are generated in peripheral organs, and in the brain itself. Eating beyond the point of satiety adversely affects the relationship between different organs.
Hunger patterns are associated with the interaction of two hormones: ghrelin which stimulates appetite, and leptin which suppresses appetite. During the feelings of appetite ghrelin level rises, and when we have eaten our meal leptin level lets our body know that it’s full. However, frequent overeating leads to the disruption of this balance.
We often associate overeating with weight gain, but that’s not the only truth when it comes to overeating. You’ll be shocked to know that overeating can impair the normal functioning of your brain. As per the new study, along with many other health impacts, eating beyond the point of satiety damages the important parts of your brain and can contribute to brain damage.
Using new technology, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), scientists compared the brain of 59 obese with 61 healthy adolescents, which showed that obese people had higher chances of brain damage. The brain risk is directly involved with important parts of the brain that are responsible for maintaining feelings of hunger and intelligence.
May increase the risk of disease
Overeating at some point won’t incur much loss to the health in the long term. But the habit of overeating can play a vital role in raising certain health concerns, such as increased blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, or abnormal triglyceride levels.
A study conducted in 2014, showed that overeating trans fats can put you at risk of heart disease. And if you’re regularly consuming sugary foods and high-process carbonated drinks, it could also increase the threat of metabolic syndrome. Disrupted metabolic syndrome can make you suffer from high blood sugar, blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol, or triglyceride levels.
As we’re discussing to what extent overeating can deteriorate our health, another thing that can be impacted by eating irregularity is the digestion process. The habit of overeating for a long period may lead to uncomfortable feelings of nausea and indigestion. The average person’s stomach is about the size of a clench and can carry 2.5 ounces, and when full it can expand to 1 quart to hold what we’ve eaten.
In some cases, when reaching the upper limits of our stomach, we may experience nausea or indigestion. For the severe consequences, nausea can trigger vomiting, which is the body’s natural way of relieving acute stomach pressure.
Increases body fat
Obesity is a disease in which an extra layer of fat takes over the body, which can accumulate to several health issues. Experts often quote that obesity is the mother of all diseases, thus a silent killer. Obesity happens when calorie balance disrupts means the number of calories we consume is more than those we burn off. Calories surpluses are related to our eating habits, which affect our health when we expand our eating and store the additional calories as fat.
In this regard, overeating is problematic for developing excess body fat. One thing to keep in mind is that overconsuming protein doesn’t cause obesity since it’s metabolized. Excess calories from fats and carbs are major reasons for the extra weight.
Triggering emotions of tiresome, drowsy
Amid serious health risks, there are some mild consequences of overeating that we shouldn’t overlook. As we all know, overeating happens when one consumes more food than the capacity of the stomach. But what we don’t know is how adverse it can influence our eating habits and mode regulations. People often complain that they feel sluggish or tired after eating more than their capacity.
Such a condition is caused by a phenomenon called reactive hypoglycemia, and in such a situation, our sugar level drops for a short period after having a big meal. Thus, our body exhibit symptoms like sleepiness, sluggishness, rapid heart rate, and vexation.
Heartburn and boating
Eating beyond your point of satisfaction may strain your digestive system, triggering heartburn, gas, and bloating. While grinding food we’ve eaten, the stomach produces hydrochloric acid, which helps break down food into digestible form. During overeating, acid from the stomach accelerates up to the food pipe, triggering acid reflux and heartburn.
Heartburn and bloating are usually a result of eating spicy and fatty foods, such as beans and certain veggies. Drinking carbonated drinks also leads to the same issues. One should also avoid eating fast because rapidly entering food into your stomach may promote gases.