Mental health issues can range from everyday anxieties to significant long-term disorders. Many people who are suffering from mental health issues can overcome them or learn to live with these issues.
Mental health issues are often described and categorized so that doctors may direct patients to the right care and therapy. However, certain diagnoses are debatable, and there is widespread criticism in the mental health sector that people are too handled or characterized by their labels. This has the potential to have a significant impact on their quality of life. Despite this, diagnoses are still the most used method of grouping and classifying symptoms.
The majority of mental health symptoms have traditionally been classified as ‘neurotic’ or ‘psychotic’ symptoms. The term ‘neurotic’ refers to symptoms that are extreme versions of ‘normal’ emotional states like despair, anxiety, or panic. Conditions are once known as “neuroses” are now more commonly referred to as “common mental health disorders.”
‘Psychotic’ symptoms, which disrupt a person’s view of reality and may include hallucinations such as seeing, hearing, smelling, or feeling things that no one else can, are less prevalent. Mental health issues have an impact on how you think, feel, and act. It’s medical issues, not personal flaws, that need to be addressed.
Mental health issues are very common
According to the APMS, one out of every six persons had a common mental health condition.
What are the major consequences of mental health issues on people?
Anxiety and sadness can be severe and long-lasting, affecting people’s capacity to function in society.
Between one and two out of every 100 persons suffer from a serious mental disease, such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, and experience times of disconnection from reality. People who are afflicted may hear voices, see things that no one else sees, have strange or illogical views, feel overly strong, or interpret common events in unique ways.
Although certain symptoms are widespread in many mental health conditions, no two persons behave in the same manner when they are sick.
Many persons who have or are developing a mental health issue try to hide their emotions because they are frightened of how others will respond. Many people are distressed without having a diagnosed or diagnosable mental health disorder, but that doesn’t imply they aren’t coping with daily life.
Types of Mental Illness
There are numerous problems that are classified as mental diseases.
Anxiety disorders: Worry disorders are characterized by fear and dread in reaction to certain objects or events, as well as physical symptoms of anxiety or panic, such as racing heart and perspiration. When a person’s response is inappropriate for the situation, they are unable to regulate their response, they are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and particular phobias are examples of anxiety disorders.
- Mood disorders: also known as affective disorders are characterized by chronic feelings of melancholy, times of excessive happiness, or swings from great happiness to severe despair. Depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder are the most prevalent mood disorders.
- Psychotic disorders: Psychotic disorders are characterized by altered perception and thought. Hallucinations — the perception of unreal pictures or sounds, such as hearing voices — and delusions — incorrect fixed beliefs that the ill person accepts as true despite evidence to the contrary — are two of the most prevalent symptoms of psychotic diseases. A psychotic condition such as schizophrenia is an example.
- Eating disorders: Eating disorders are characterized by the severe weight and food-related feelings, attitudes, and actions. The most common eating disorders are binge, bulimia nervosa, and anorexia nervosa.
- Impulse control and addiction disorders: People with impulse control problems can’t control their wants to do things that are potentially damaging to themselves or others. Alcohol and drug addictions are fairly common. Addicts usually become so engaged in their addictions that they overlook their responsibilities and relationships.
- Personality disorders: People with personality disorders have strong and rigid personality features that are disturbing to them and/or create issues at work, school, or in social situations. Furthermore, the individual’s thought and behavior patterns diverge significantly from cultural norms and are so rigid that they obstruct the individual’s normal functioning. Personality disorders include antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disease, histrionic personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): People with OCD are troubled by intrusive thoughts or concerns that lead them to undertake rituals or routines. Compulsions are practices, whereas obsessions are uncontrollable thoughts. An example is someone who has an unreasonable fear of germs and washes their hands often.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): PTSD is a condition that can develop after a traumatic and/or terrifying event, such as a sexual or physical assault, a loved one’s untimely death, or a natural disaster. People who suffer from PTSD are often emotionally numb and have persistent and distressing thoughts and memories of the event.